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How to Design and Validate A Questionnaire: A Guide

[ Vol. 13 , Issue. 4 ]


Jaspreet Kaur Boparai, Surjit Singh * and Priyanka Kathuria Pages 210-215 (6)


Background: A questionnaire is a commonly used data collection method and is a very crucial part of the research. However, designing a questionnaire can be a daunting task for postgraduate students.

Methods: This manuscript illustrates the various steps required in questionnaire designing and provides an insight into the essentials of questionnaire construction and validation. Data from a questionnaire should be able to comprehend the objectives of the study; else it may lead to wrong interpretation or bias, decreased power of study and inability to generalize the study results.

Conclusion: Since it is equally important to verify the usefulness of the designed questionnaire, the article briefly describes the process of psychometric evaluation of a questionnaire.


Questionnaire validation, questionnaire designing, psychometric assessment, validity, WOMAC, pragmatic research.


Department of Pharmacology, Government Institute of Medical Sciences, Greater Noida, Uttar Pradesh, 201310, Department of Pharmacology, AIIMS, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, 342005, Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, AIIMS Jodhpur, Rajasthan

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