Therapeutic Effects of Prebiotics on Constipation: A Schematic Review
[ Vol. 15 , Issue. 3 ]
Maliha Naseer, Shiva Poola, Suleyman Uraz and Veysel Tahan*
Pages 207-215 (9)
Constipation is a highly prevalent functional gastrointestinal disorder that may significantly affect the quality of life and health care costs. Treatment for constipation has been broadly reviewed by cognitive therapies, medications, and surgical interventions. Gut microbiota such as Bifidobacterium, Clostridium, Bacteroidetes, and Lactobacilli have been demonstrated in functional gastrointestinal disorders and prebiotics to play a role in augmenting their presence. Prebiotics are ingredients in foods that remain undigested, stimulating the bacteria. There are a variety of prebiotics; however, there exists only a handful of studies that describe their efficacy for chronic constipation. The purpose of this study is to review the available literature on the utility of different commercially available prebiotics in patients with functional and chronic idiopathic constipation. To fulfil the objectives of the study, published articles in the English language on databases such as Pubmed, Ovid Medline, and EMBASE were searched. The terms prebiotics, constipation, chronic constipation, functional constipation were used. We reviewed and included 21 randomized controlled trials exploring the role of prebiotics in constipated adults. Prebiotics are effective treatments for chronic idiopathic constipation and showed improvement in the stool consistency, number of bowel moments and bloating. Although which prebiotic formulary would promote improved symptoms of constipation is still not clear.
Prebiotic, idiopathic constipation, dysbiosis, galactan, fructan, gastrointestinal microbiome.
Division of Gastroenterology & Hepatology, Department of Internal Medicine, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC 27834, Department of Internal and Pediatric Medicine, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC 27834, Assistant Professor of Clinical Medicine, University of Missouri, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Columbia, MO 65211, Assistant Professor of Clinical Medicine, University of Missouri, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Columbia, MO 65211
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