Sara Fuladi, Seyed Ahmad Emami, Amir Hooshang Mohammadpour, Asieh Karimani, Ali Akhondpour Manteghi and Amirhossein Sahebkar* Pages 1-6 (6)
Methods: Forty patients who met the inclusion criteria (with a confirmed diagnosis of GAD as stated in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Text Revision (DSM-IV-TR) took part in this randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial and were randomly selected for participation in the treatment group (W. somnifera extract, 1g/day; n = 22) or the placebo group (n = 18). All patients were under treatment with Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs) and were prescribed one capsule of the extract or placebo per day for six weeks. The Hamilton anxiety rating scale (HAM-A) was used to assess the severity of GAD symptoms at baseline as well as the second and sixth weeks of the trial.
Results: Comparison of the HAM-A scores during the course of the trial revealed a significant amelioration ofHAM-A score in the treatment group versus placebo (14 and 8 units reduction, respectively (P < 0.05)). Moreover, there was a significant difference in the reduction of GAD score between the second (P =0.04) and sixth week (P =0.02) in the treatment group. The extract was safe and no adverse effect was observed during the trial.
Conclusion: W. somnifera extract offers some potential advantages as a safe and effective adjunctive therapy to SSRIs in GAD.
Withania somnifera, Generalized anxiety disorder, Randomized controlled trial, Herbal medicine, Mental disorder
Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Department of Pharmacogenosy, School of Pharmacy, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Pharmaceutical Research Center, Pharmaceutical Technology Institute, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Department of Pharmacodynamics and Toxicology, School of Pharmacy, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Halal Research Center of IRI, FDA, Tehran