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Ciclesonide - A Novel Corticosteroid for the Management of Asthma

[ Vol. 7 , Issue. 2 ]

Author(s):

Deepti Chopra, Bharti Bhandari and Neeta Wardhan Pages 73-77 (5)

Abstract:


Ciclesonide (CIC) is a novel inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) approved by US Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of persistent asthma, available as a pressurized metered-dose inhaler in two strengths, 80 mcg/activation and 160 mcg/activation. Ciclesonide is a corticosteroid with unique pharmacological profile including a high degree of serum protein binding, a low oral bioavailability and rapid systemic elimination. Ciclesonide is a prodrug metabolized by esterases to desisobutyryl ciclesonide (des-CIC), an active metabolite with a 100-fold greater affinity for the glucocorticoid receptor. It has shown to improve pulmonary functions, reduce the need for oral corticosteroids (OCSs) and cause lesser suppression of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis in asthmatic patients. Clinical efficacy studies suggest that Ciclesonide is superior to placebo and is at least as effective as several active comparators with an improved therapeutic margin thereby improving the therapeutic outcome in patients of asthma.

Keywords:

Asthma, ciclesonide, fluticasone, hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal suppression, inhaled corticosteroid, oral candidiasis, oral corticosteroid

Affiliation:

Department of Physiology, HIMSR, Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi – 110062, India



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